Faulty mechanical manipulation, which includes detangling and styling methods and products is the topmost cause of unnecessary hair loss when it comes to natural hair. In the case of detangling, the method used to handle your hair is far more important than any products utilized. The same reason why natural hair is super fabulous is also the same reason detangling is usually a pain; our hair strands like to cling on to each other. Since detangling is a default part of natural hair care, here are a few tips to get you through the process efficiently, effectively and with minimal hair loss:
1. ASSESS THE STATE OF YOUR HAIR:
Don’t put the cart before the horse. Before you reach out for that product or tool, the first step should be to assess the status of your hair to determine the most effective and efficient approach to detangling……or a game plan for how to detangle, so to speak. My hair was a mixture of twist out curl texture and frizz thanks to a very humid day. Someone else could be dealing with the aftermath of a curl formers set or tangles from braid removal. While all three situations call for detangling and we are likely to use similar methods, assessing is useful for:
- Isolating problematic areas
- Determining much work will be involved
2. CONSIDER YOUR HAIR TYPE:
After accounting for the state of your hair, consider your hair type. My 4c hair type is also light density, prone to dryness and tangles a lot. When selecting my hair products as well as the methods used to detangle, this information is vital. Similarly from the age of my hair (1.5 year-ish), most of my strands are in the Anagen or the active phase of growth so I will be able to determine if the amount of hair lost to detangling is in the normal realm or (hopefully not) raise concerns about excessive shedding. In contrast, someone else could have medium density 4b oily hair that’s 3 years old. In this case they would select products based on this information. Even in cases where you experiment with different products, your hair type and the state its currently in should be key factors.
3. PRODUCT SELECTION:
Forget your loyalty to brand names or fancy product claims. Instead, invest in the knowledge of the basic anatomy of haircare products. To get the best possible detangling conditioner, look for products whose ingredients include cationic surfactants and polymers. These two groups of compounds are long molecules that form a film on the hair strand, coating it in microscopic lubricating “coat”. This enables the hair strands slide past each other without catching on jutting-up cuticle scales, allowing for easy detangling.
4. STRATEGICALLY ENGAGE:
No matter your texture or type, the divide and conquer method of working in small sections whenever manipulating your hair is not only effective, it’s also faster in the long run. Working in sections will also make it much easier to isolate specific problematic strands, which are mostly single or multiple strand knots caused by tangling. Sometimes it’s necessary to snip single or multiple strand knots that cannot be untangled, in which case working in sections will ensure you snip only the problematic strands.
See also: How to Detangle Natural Hair on A Budget
PRO TIPSome common cationic surfactants are cetrimonium chloride, stearamidopropyl dimethylamine and dicetyldimonium chloride. Common cationic polymers are polyquaternium- 4, 7, 10 & 44 and honeyquat. Despite the chemistry names, polyquaternium- 4, 7, 10 & 44 and honeyquat are natural-based polymers derived from natural polysaccharides like cellulose in honey, guar, wood or cotton. Check your ingredient list.
5. THE COMB FACTOR:
Conditioner sometimes creates so much slip and often our hands will get accustomed to the hair texture so tangles are missed, especially if the hair is very tangled. In this case a comb becomes necessary. The most effective comb you have is your hands because of its ability to feel the structure of your hair as well as which sections might cause problems during the process. If you chose to bring in a detangling tool, ensure it works with your texture and density. While there are a lot of detangling combs in the market like the denman brush or the tangle teaser, my advise is to use them cautiously as they do not work for every hair texture. If your hair rejects the detangling tool then stop using it. The goal is to retain as much of your growth as possible. For my light density 4c hair, a wide-tooth shower comb is helpful as a guide to point out tangles that may have been missed. It’s critical to use the comb as positive reinforcement and not as a weapon to yank hair out. Twist or braid each section as soon as you are done with it. Otherwise the strands continue to cling to each other and the process of tangling begins all over.
6. ASSESS LOSS:
100 to 150 hair strands are lost daily as part of the normal hair cycle and it occurs after mechanical manipulation like washing, detangling or styling hair. Normally, these hairs are telogen hairs, which are in the resting phase of growth. The telogen phase lasts about 3-4 months before the strand is pushed out by a younger, budding strand. Use this information to monitor hair loss from detangling.
7. THE HEAT FACTOR:
For deep conditioning, heat is essential as it opens up your cuticles allowing for the flow of conditioning products into the cortex of your hair strands. A maximum of 15 minutes on medium heat under a hooded dryer (with a plastic cap) is sufficient for the hair to absorb as much product as needed; more heat is pointless and could damage your hair. If your only goal was detangling, let the hair marinate in the conditioner for 30 minutes before rinsing it off. I usually leave mine overnight and often will make one-two passes with wide-tooth comb under running water while rinsing.